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ThereÂ areÂ different typesÂ of small bowel transplant operation that may be recommended, depending onÂ yourÂ individual circumstances.
The main types of transplant procedure are:
A small bowel transplant is a complicated and highly specialised operation. It is performed under general anaestheticÂ andÂ takes around 8-10 hours to complete, although it can take longer.
After removing your diseased bowel, your blood vessels are connected to the blood vessels of the transplanted bowel. TheÂ transplanted bowel is then connected to your digestive tract, or to what is left of the bowel.
The surgeon willÂ form anÂ ileostomy (where part of the small bowel is divertedÂ through an opening in theÂ tummy, called aÂ stoma). After the operation, the ileostomy allowsÂ digestive waste to pass out of your body into an externalÂ pouch, and lets the transplant team assess the health of your transplanted bowel.
Depending on your health and the operation's success, the ileostomy may be closed a few months after the operation and the bowel reconnected. However, this is not always possible.
Read about recovering from a small bowel transplant.
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