Vitamins, minerals and supplements - Vitamin K

Vitamin K has several important functions. For example, it's needed for blood clotting, which means it helps wounds to heal properly.

There's some evidence that vitamin K is also needed to help keep bones healthy.

Good sources of vitamin K

Vitamin K is found in:

  • green leafy vegetables such as broccoli and spinach
  • vegetable oils
  • cereal grains

Small amounts can also be found in meat and dairy foods.

How much vitamin K do I need?

Adults need approximately 0.001mg a day of vitamin K for each kilogram of their body weight.

For example, someone who weighs 65kg would need 0.065mg a day of vitamin K, while a person who weighs 75kg would need 0.075mg a day.

You should be able to get all the vitamin K you need by eating a varied and balanced diet. 

Any vitamin K your body doesn't need immediately is stored in the liver for future use, so you don't need it in your diet every day.

What happens if I take too much vitamin K?

There's not enough evidence to know what the effects might be of taking high doses of vitamin K supplements each day.

What does the Department of Health advise?

You should be able to get all the vitamin K you need by eating a varied and balanced diet. If you take vitamin K supplements, don't take too much, because this might be harmful.

Taking 1mg or less of vitamin K supplements a day is unlikely to cause any harm.


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