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Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) is usually caused by the ring of muscle at the bottom of the oesophagus (gullet) becoming weakened.
Normally, this ring of muscleÂ opens to let food into your stomach and closes toÂ stopÂ stomach acid leaking back up into your oesophagus.
But for people with GORD, stomach acid is able to pass back up into the oesophagus. This causesÂ symptoms of GORD, which can include heartburn and acid reflux.
It's not always clear what causes thisÂ ring of muscleÂ to become weakened, but certain things can increase the risk ofÂ it happening (see below).
The following factors mayÂ increase your risk of developing GORD:
GORD can sometimes affect several members of the same family and it's been suggested that the genes you inherit from your parents may also affect your chances ofÂ developing the condition.
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